英语语法

2012年07月27日 2074 zhibs

【英语语法】介词with用法详解

【英语语法】介词with用法详解,珠海IBS英语学校编辑和大家分享介词with用法详解,请阅读下文.

【英语语法】介词with用法详解,珠海IBS英语学校编辑和大家分享介词with用法详解,请阅读下文。


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With的定义:


      With是个介词,基本的意思是用”,但它也可以协助构成一个极为多采多姿的句型,在句子中起两种作用;副词与形容词。


With是一个十分有用的介词,其用法也比较复杂,以下用法值得注意:


1.表示方式、手段或工具等时(=以,用),注意不要受汉语意思的影响而用错搭配,如用英语”习惯上用in English,而不是with English。


2. 与某些抽象名词连用时,其作用相当于一个副词。如:


with care=carefully 认真地


with kindness=kindly 亲切地


with joy=joyfully 高兴地


with anger=angrily 生气地


with sorrow=sorrowfully 悲伤地


with ease=easily 容易地


with delight=delightedly 高兴地


with great fluency =very fluently 很流利地


3. 表示条件时,根据情况可与虚拟语气连用。如:


With more money I would be able to buy it. 要是钱多一点,我就买得起了。


With better equipment, we could have finished the job even sooner. 要是设备好些,我们完成这项工作还要快些。


4. 比较with和as:两者均可表示随着”,但前者是介词,后接名词或代词;后者是连词,用于引导一个句子。比较:

He will improve as he grows older. 随着年龄的增长,他会进步的。


Peoples ideas change with the change of the times. 时代变了,人们的观念也会变化。


5. 复合结构with+宾语+宾语补足语”是一个很有用的结构,它在句中主要用作状语,表示伴随、原因、时间、条件、方式等;其中的宾语补足语可以是名词、形容词、副词、现在分词、过去分词、不定式、介词短语等。如:


(1) with+宾语+形容词


He often sleeps with the windows open. 他常开着窗睡觉。


Dont speak with your mouth full. 不要满嘴巴食物说话。


(2) with+宾语+ 副词


He stood before his teacher with his head down. 他低着头 站在老师面前。


He was lying on the bed with all his clothes on. 他和衣 躺在床上。


(3) with +宾语+ 介词短语


She said good-bye with tears in her eyes. 她含着眼泪说了声再见。


The man was asleep with his head on his arms. 这个人头枕着胳膊睡着了。


(4) with+宾语+现在分词


He fell asleep with the lamp burning. 他没熄灯就睡着了。


I wont be able to go on holiday with my mother being ill. 因为妈妈有病, 我无法去度假。


(5) with +宾语+ 过去分词


He sat there with his eyes closed. 他闭目坐在那儿。


All the afternoon he worked with the door locked. 整个下午他都锁着门在房里工作。


(6) with +宾语+ 动词不定式


I cant go out with all these clothes to wash. 要洗这些衣服, 我无法出去了。


With such good cadres to carry out the Partys policy we feel safe. 有这样的好干部执行党的政策, 我们感到放心。


(7) with +宾语+ 名词


He died with his daughter yet a schoolgirl. 他去世时,女儿还是个小学生。


本文来源于深圳英语培训;转载请附上:http://www.zhibs.net/english/grammar/1444.html



相关阅读:

宾语从句例句及用法

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