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2019年06月25日 118 互联网

四六级考前冲刺必背的高频词汇、句型有哪些?

考前抓紧记忆高频词汇和句型是考前临阵磨枪的好方法。奈何时间有限,我们只能抓住核心。我们应该背哪些词汇、句型?如何考前冲刺记忆才是最高效的?快来和我们分享考前必备的高频词汇吧~为上分过线冲刺!

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观点一:四六级考前冲刺必背的高频词汇、句型有哪些?


四六级考试在即,给大家整理了一些高频词和短语。高频词汇:


1. alter v. 改变,改动,变更
2. burst vi. n. 突然发生,爆裂
3. dispose vi. 除掉;处置;解决;处理(of)
4. blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉
5. consume v. 消耗,耗尽
6. split v. 劈开;割裂;分裂 a 裂开的
7. spit v. 吐(唾液等);唾弃
8. spill v. 溢出,溅出,倒出
9. slip v. 滑动,滑落;忽略
10. slide v. 滑动,滑落 n. 滑动;滑面;幻灯片
11. bacteria n. 细菌
12. breed n. 种,品种 v. 繁殖,产仔
13. budget n. 预算 v. 编预算,作安排
14. candidate n. 候选人
15. campus n. 校园
16. liberal a. 慷慨的;丰富的;自由的
17. transform v. 转变,变革;变换
18. transmit v. 传播,播送;传递
19. transplant v. 移植
20. transport vat. 运输,运送 n. 运输,运输工
21. shift v. 转移;转动;转变
22. vary v. 变化,改变;使多样化
23. vanish vi. 消灭,不见
24. swallow v. 吞下,咽下 n. 燕子
25. suspicion n. 怀疑,疑心
26. suspicious a. 怀疑的,可疑的
27. mild a. 温暖的,暖和的;温柔的,味淡的
28. tender a. 温柔的;脆弱的
29. nuisance n. 损害,妨害,讨厌(的人或事物)
30. insignificant a. 无意义的,无足轻重的;无价值的
31. accelerate vt. 加速,促进
32. absolute a. 绝对的,无条件的;完全的
33. boundary n. 分界线,边界
34. brake n. 刹车,制动器 v. 刹住(车)
35. catalog n. 目录(册) v. 编目
36. vague a. 模糊的,不明确的
37. vain n. 徒劳,白费
38. extinct a. 绝灭的,熄灭的
39. extraordinary a. 不平常的,特别的,非凡的
40. extreme a. 极度的,极端的 n. 极端,过分
41. agent n. 代理人,代理商;动因,原因
42. alcohol n. 含酒精的饮料,酒精
43. appeal n. /vi. 呼吁,恳求
44. appreciate vt. 重视,赏识,欣赏
45. approve v. 赞成,同意,批准
46. stimulate vt. 刺激,激励
47. acquire vt. 取得,获得;学到
48.accomplish vt  完成,到达;实行
49. network n. 网状物;广播网,电视网;网络
50. tide n. 潮汐;潮流
51. tidy a. 整洁的,整齐的
52. trace vt. 追踪,找到 n. 痕迹,踪迹
53. torture n./vt. 拷打,折磨
54. wander vi. 漫游,闲逛
55. wax n. 蜡
56. weave v. 织,编
57. preserve v. 保护,保存,保持,维持
58.negative a. 否定的,消极的
59. neglect vt. 忽视,忽略
60. origin n 起源,开端
61. abuse v. 滥用,虐待;谩骂
62. academic a. 学术的;高等院校的;研究院的
63. academy n. (高等)专科院校;学会
64. battery n. 电池(组)
65. barrier n. 障碍;棚栏
66. cargo n. (船、飞机等装载的)货物
67. career n. 生涯,职业
68. vessel n. 船舶;容器,器皿;血管
69. vertical a. 垂直的
70. oblige v. 迫使,责成;使感激
71. obscure a. 阴暗,模糊
72. extent n. 程度,范围,大小,限度
73. exterior n. 外部,外表 a. 外部的,外表的
74. external a. 外部的,外表的,外面的
75. petrol n. 汽油
76. petroleum n. 石油
77. delay vt./n. 推迟,延误,耽搁
78. decay vi. 腐烂,腐朽
79. decent a. 像样的,体面的
80. route n. 路;路线;航线
81. ruin v. 毁坏,破坏 n. 毁灭,[pl.]废墟
82. sake n. 缘故,理由
83. satellite n. 卫星
84. scale n. 大小,规模;等级;刻度
85. temple n. 庙宇
86. tedious a. 乏味道,单调的,
87. tend vi 易于,趋向
88. tendency n 趋向,趋势
89. ultimate a. 极端的,最大的,最终的 n. 极端
90. undergo v. 经历,遭受
91. abundant a. 丰富的,充裕的,大量的
92. adopt v. 收养;采用;采纳
93. adapt vi. 适应,适合;改编,改写 vt. 使适应
94. bachelor n. 学士,学士学位;单身汉
95. casual a. 偶然的,碰巧的;临时的;非正式的
96. trap n. 陷阱,圈套 v. 设陷阱捕捉
97. vacant a. 空的,未占用的
98. vacuum n. 真空,真空吸尘器
99. oral a. 口头的,口述的,口的
100. optics n. (单、复数同形)光学
仅仅掌握高频词汇还不够哦,还有这50个高频短语助力你的写译~


高频短语:
1.经济的快速发展the rapid development of economy
2.人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people’s living standard
3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology
4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges
5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that…
6.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development
7.引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention
8.不可否认 It is undeniable that…/ There is no denying that…
9.热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate
10 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue
11.完全不同的观点 a totally different argument
14.就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on…
15.有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons
16.双方的论点 argument on both sides
17.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in…
18.对…必不可少 be indispensable to …
19.正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes:
20.…也不例外 …be no exception
21.对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on…
22.利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.
24.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon
26.竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation
27. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision
28.学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills
29.经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden
30.考虑到诸多因素take many factors into account/ consideration
31. 从另一个角度 from another perspective
32.做出共同努力 make joint efforts
33. 对…有益 be beneficial / conducive to…
34.为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society
35.打下坚实的基础lay a solid foundation for…
37.无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach
39.致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to…
40. 应当承认 Admittedly,
41.不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty
43.可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information
44.宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources
47.在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life
49.社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress
50.科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology


最后,大家可以看一下《大学英语四六级考试核心高频词汇突破》,分时段渐进突破,以核心词汇为本,配真题强化记忆,其中配词的各种真题句型例题。


观点二:四六级考前冲刺必背的高频词汇、句型有哪些?


对于听力和阅读的词汇和句型,大家只要求认知熟知,不需要背!

必背的通常是写作翻译词汇和句型!

写作高频句型,也是功能性句型:

一,提出论题或现象的句型
1. Nobody could have failed to notice the fact that ....
2. With the development of living standard of the people,...
3. With the development of science and technology, more and more...
4. With advances in technology and social development, people began to...
5. With the development of the social economy and the technics, ...
6. With the development of medical technique and the improvement of society, more and people are paying attention to ...
7. With the popularity of the cars, more and more people will choose to purchase cars for themselves.
8. Recently , …has become the focus of the society .


二、表示影响的句型
①正面影响
1. Most people are known that .... is(are) good for ....
2. …has the most significant impact on…
3. …will greatly improve the efficiency of …
4. …is beneficial to sb/sth
5. ….be useful for….
6. …benefit from ….
②负面影响
1. …cause harm
2. The terrible pollution has done great harm to us as well as to the surroundings.
3. …has not only immdediate effect, but also more long-term harm.
4. …brings great harm to sb/sth
5. …seriously threaten the natural environment
6. …pose a harm to …


三、表示阐述不同观点的句型
1. There are some people who hold different opinions about …
2. Some people like / prefer …, while others are / feel inclined to …
3. Some people claim that … Others , however , disagree with it .
4. Some people believe … Others maintain … Still others claim …
5. Some people suggest … Others , however , hold the opposite opinion.
6. Some people argue that … Others , in contrast , believe that …
7. Although more and more people come to believe … there are still others who insist that …
8. Some people stand opposed to... On the contrary , there are people in favor of ...


四、表示原因的句型
1. There are many factors that may account for this result, but the following are the most typical ones.
2. The answer to this problem involves many interrelated reasons. For one thing, ...
for another, ...
3. It is rather easy to find out the reason why ...
4. The explanation for this question may involve several complicated factors, for one thing is ..., for another is ...
5. Although ... is probably the most important determinant, it is not the only explanation for ...
6. The factors for ... are complex.
7. Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.


五、表达个人观点/想法的句型
1. In my opinion , we should attack more importance to …
2. As for my own idea about … I believe …
3. As far as I am concerned , I plan to …
4. Personally , I prefer …
5. In my view , both sides are partly right in that …
6. But for me , I would rather …
7. My own point of view is that …
8. In conclusion , I support the statement that …
9. As regards me , I tend to choose …
10. From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the first opinion rather than the second.


六、表示建议的句型
1. You should take advantage of this opportunity and try to make a good impression on them
2. Greater efforts are needed before we can ...
3. A country should protect its resources by fighting against waste.
4. If we concentrate our efforts on ...,sth will certainly ...
5. It is high time that we should do ...
6. It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation.
7. Here are some suggestions for handling the problem.
8. The best way to solve the troubles is...
9. Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.
10. It is essential that effective measure should be taken to …


七、表示结论的句型

1. Taking into account all these factors , we may reach the conclusion that …
2. Given the reasons / consideration I have just outlined / discussed / presented , I strongly recommend that …
3. From all the reasons / consideration above , it is evident / clear / obvious that …
4. Therefore , it is not difficult to draw / come to the conclusion that …
5. From what has been discussed / mentioned above , we may conclude that …
6. From what has been discussed above , we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that …
7. Thus, it can be concluded that…,
8. Therefore, we can find that…
9. If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt that ...
10. In conclusion/brief,...


翻译高频词汇:
改革开放                                  reform and opening up
经济繁荣                                  economic prosperity     
大萧条                                      recession
追溯到                                      date back to 
传统的                                      traditional
独特的                                      unique
特征                                         characteristic
文化交流                                  culture exchange 
古老的                                      ancient
在....鼎盛时期                            flourishing period

供给                                       supply 
资金                                       capital/fund
由...组成                                 comprise of 
迄今为止                                up till now
经济调节                                ecnomic regulation
预算                                       budget
特产                                       specialty
兴起于                                    prosper in  /rise in                           
发源于                                    originate from
摇篮/发源地                            cradle/birthplace


观点三:四六级考前冲刺必背的高频词汇、句型有哪些?


最后的时间,值得背的就是写作部分了。
写作必背的内容就下面这些。

1)  论述重要性类
历年考题涉及:创新(发明)/好奇心/相互信任等的重要性,还有早年各类“引言作文”

第一段:
引出主题词;
+ 在什么样的背景下(情况下),主题词格外重要。
参考:There is no doubt about the value of 主题词. As a matter offact, in an age where (描绘背景),主题词(可尝试不同写法)is not an option, but a must.

第二段:
通过正/反/还有举例的方式论述“主题词”重要性
必写4大句型:
It is(was) 主题词 that enables(enabled) sb. to do sth.

主题词not only (作用1)… but also (作用2)

Without 主题词, sb. could not have done sth. (拿过去事实举反例,如爱因斯坦没有好奇心,就不会有如此惊人的发现)

Only with(by) 主题词 can sb,do sth.

第三段:
提出关于如何做好主题词的建议
提建议可分:
外部(社会,媒体,教育)
内部(个人---行为,意识)
警告!第三段最后一句不要用:只有这样我们才能走向光明的未来结尾!
太空洞!
最好写:作为大学生(年轻人)可以做什么,怎么做
(因为这样表示你的思考落到了实处!)

2)二选一类
历年考题涉及:国内上大学还是国外上大学,选文科还是理科等

第一段:
随便选个套路句引出2选1的争议,然后提出自己的明确选择。(比如我选A)

第二段:论证为什么选A
有同学可能认为:这时就可以按照“重要性”的话题来写了。的确可以,但是不好写,比如你选理科,那么为什么?。。。。。。很难想,对吧?

这里有个绝妙的破局思路:
你先写:有人因为…的原因,觉得应该选B
然后写:在我看来,选B 有什么不好或缺点。
接着写:选A的意义和原因

第三段:
基本同“重要性”话题,但是也有个很好的思路:我们也应该补上(没选B)的缺憾,比如:你选择在国内上大学,你就可以写:我们也要认真学好英语,开拓自己的眼界。

3) 描述类
历年考题涉及:描述生活在xxx(如城市)的挑战/自己最喜欢的一门课/介绍自己的家乡/介绍自己的自行车…

第一段:
引出你要描述的事物,可以再补充一下事由或背景原因。如:
在今天这个信息技术革命迅速推进的年代,一台好的电脑是每个大学生都需要的。而因为我即将毕业,我打算出售我这台牛X电脑。And the details are as follows.  

在今天这个竞争激烈的社会,大家都面临着来自各个方面的挑战。在我看来,the major challenges of xxx  can be listed as follows.

第二段:
分点描述,注意句型变化:
1)  There is no doubt that ( 电脑性能很好/ 城市就业竞争激烈),which( 性能好能帮你提高学习和工作效率/竞争激烈推动着年轻人要更努力学习工作)

看到没?不要只会写:有什么?还可以补充写:会带来什么?

2)  It must be pointed out that ( …………….) , so that sb. can do sth. 或so sb. must do sth.
记住:so that 表示目的,so 表示结果

3)  We (you) also need to keep in mind that ( ……………….) 

第三段:
如果是介绍东西,就写:希望大家喜欢,你们一定不会失望,有问题请联系(if you have any question, please do not hesitate to contact me.)

如果是描绘挑战这样的,可以同“重要性”话题,写写我们如何去适应挑战。

4)  How to do 类,如何做某事类
历年考题涉及:如何平衡学习和休闲/如何合理使用科技产品等

第一段:----------基本同“重要性”类
提出在…的背景下(或因为..的缘由),做好…很重要。

第二段:
分点,尽量分层展开 how to do
如:如何改善交通,
分层:政府做什么,媒体做什么,个人做什么

如:如何改善健康状况,
分层:普遍需要做什么,媒体要做什么,大学生可以做什么

如:如何利用数码产品,
分层:怎么最大化好处,怎么最小化坏处

句型也要多样:
1)  形式主语优先考虑,如: it is necessary for sb. to do sth.
2)  被动句要多用,如:high priority should be given to doing (要优先做…)
以及: the necessary action that can(must) be taken by sb. is to

3) 记住,说了“要做什么,一定要想想做这件事有什么用,有什么目的, 有什么原因”

所以你的套路是: 说完做什么后,都可以加上
, which …
, so that sb. can do sth.

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