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2019年01月31日 126 周观凤

would的英文用法,英文would原来有这么多用法

英文would在使用上让很多人困扰,因为would有很多用法,would是will的过去式,也能用在表达「想要」的意思。


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英文would在使用上让很多人困扰,因为would有很多用法,would是will的过去式,也能用在表达「想要」的意思。


到底would有哪些用法呢?以下整理would几乎所有的英文用法,赶快学起来,让自己的英文更上一层楼吧!从此再也不被would困扰!


1. 使用英文「陈述句」时,表达will的过去式


例:

A:I will go to the party. (A说我会去舞会)

B:He said that he would go to the party.(B用陈述句表达:他说他会去舞会)


2.表达「想要」


will跟would一个是现在式,一个是过去式,都可以用来表达「想要」的意思。


例1:I won’t let my daughter go to the party. 我不让我女儿去舞会。

例2:I wouldn’t let my daughter go to the party. 我不会让我女儿去舞会(表达过去某个时候,不想让女儿去舞会)。


3.表达「过去习惯」做某件事。


would还有一个用法,跟「used to 」的用法一样,用来表达过去习惯去做某件事。


例:When I was in Taiwan, I would go to the gym two times a week. 当我还在台湾时,每个礼拜去两次健身房。


这里的句子,用used to 替换也是一样的意思,「used to 」用来表达过去习惯做某件事。


例:I used to go to the gym two times a week When I was in Taiwan. 我以前在台湾每周去两次健身房。


4.表达请求


当我们想请求别人帮忙时,也可以用will或是would。


例1:Will you please help me?

例2:Would you please help me?


这里必需注意的是:用would比用will,语气上会更显得有礼貌多了。


5.用在假设语气


当我们使用if假设语气时,后面也可以接would。


例:If I had enough money, I would buy a car for my mother. 如果我有足够的钱,我会买辆车给我妈。(用来表达过去的想法:如果我以前有足够的钱,我那时就会买辆车给我妈妈)


6. would have + 过去分词


「would have + 过去分词」用来表达过去想做的事,但却没做。


例:I would have called you, but I was too busy.我想打给你的,但我太忙了。(想打,但却没打)


7.跟wish一起用


「wish + (that) + 过去式」通常用来表达你希望过去的某件事怎样怎样,但现在其实没有。


例:I wish that you wouldn’t smoke so much. 我希望你没抽那么多烟。

例:I wish that it would stop raining! 我希望雨能停。


8.would like/would rather/would prefer/would you mind


would 还有其他用法,都是一些表达「想要」的意思。例如would like, would rather, would prefer等等,其他还有would you mind 等等。


例1:I would like some tea. 我想要些茶

例2:I would rather go to the gym. 我宁愿去健身房

例3:I would prefer to stay at home . 我比较想待在家。

例4:Would you mind doing me a favor? 你介意帮我个忙吗?


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