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2019年01月15日 147 周观凤

英语语法:For 跟 To 的使用差别

For 跟 To 的使用差别​I ‘ve made an appointment to May 4th?! 词不达意往往出在词汇的选择!或许For 跟 To你都知道大概意思,但是要怎么分辨他们呢?今天用例子告诉你何时用for,何时用to。从中学英文、文法,累积你的外语能力。


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I ‘ve made an appointment to May 4th?! 词不达意往往出在词汇的选择!或许For 跟 To你都知道大概意思,但是要怎么分辨他们呢?今天用例子告诉你何时用for,何时用to。从中学英文、文法,累积你的外语能力。


1. 表达的用语


I moved to London for to learn English

这句意思是:为了学英文,我搬到伦敦。但这句是错的。


To + 动词

I went to the supermarket to buy apples.

我到超市要买苹果。


For + 名词

I went to the supermarket for apples.

我到超市要买苹果。


答案:I moved to London to learn English


2. 接受者


I made a cake for Felicity.

我为Felicity 做了蛋糕。

因为蛋糕是从无到有(你为她做蛋糕),所以中间没有传递动作,用for。


I gave a cake to Felicity.

我把蛋糕给了Felicity。

因为有传递动作,你把蛋糕给她,用to


3. 目的


这裡就像第一点一样,动词就用to,名词就用for。

I asked her to give me the key.

我要她给我钥匙。


I asked her for the keys.

我向她要钥匙。


4. to 的用法


表动机

I came here to talk to you.

我来这裡要跟你谈谈。


距离

It’s about 10 km from my house to yours.


我家离你家距离10公里。


比较,这裡的to要念成”ㄜ”的音,比较道地。


I prefer apples to oranges.

比起橘子我比较喜欢苹果。


表目的地

We are going to France.

我们要去法国了。


传递 (give、sell、send)


I sent it to her yesterday.

我昨天就寄给她了。


5. For用法


有好处、坏处


Drinking water is good for you.

喝水对你有好处。


一段时间

I lived in Spain for a few years.

我驻西班牙有几年了。


规划好行程

I ‘ve made an appointment for 4th May.

我五月四号要跟人见面。


帮助

Can I carry that for you?

我可以帮你拿吗?


动机

I went to the supermarket for milk.

我到市场是为了买牛奶


作用

Wine is made for drinking.

酒是拿来喝的。


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