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2018年09月06日 164 互联网

英语语法:过去完成时表示到过去某一时间已完成的动作或状态

英语语法:过去完成时表示到过去某一时间已完成的动作或状态;表示到过去某一时间已完成或者结束的动作或状态。过去的某一时间通常是由by引起的时间状语。

英语语法:过去完成时表示到过去某一时间已完成的动作或状态

上几期学习了英语语法:have been to与have gone to瞬间动词和持续性动词1-2 瞬间动词和持续性动词用法3瞬间动词和持续性动词的现在完成时用法瞬间动词和持续性动词的用法5-6。本期学习英语语过去完成时表示到过去某一时间已完成的动作或状态。


过去完成时

1.动词形式


BE

HAVE

DO

动词形式

had been

had had

had worked


2.过去完成时用法

(1)表示到过去某一时间已完成或者结束的动作或状态。过去的某一时间通常是由by引起的时间状语。例如:

 

By Saturday night we had got everything ready for thepart.

到星期六晚上我们已为聚会作好了一切准备。

 

They had arrived home by 5 p.m.

到下午五点他们已经回到家。

 

We had finished the job by Firday.

到星期王我们已经完成这项工作。

 

It is two days since he left for America.

他去美国两天了。

 

过去某一时间也可以通过时间状语从句表示:

He had already left when I got there.

我到那儿时他已经离开了。

 

We had studied a little Japanese before we came to Japan.

我们到日本前学过一点日语。

 

有时过去的时间也可以通过上下文情景来体现。比如:

I met Mary in the street one morning.She had changed greatly.

一天早晨我在街上遇见玛丽。她变化很大。

 

I didn’t want to see the play because I had already seen it.

我不想看那部戏剧,因为我已经看过了。

 

When I got to George’s office, he wasn’tthere. I was told that hehad gone home.

我到乔治办公室时,他不在.有人告诉我他回家了。



欢迎转发~~~发动大家来做作业,学英语~


英语作业20180902

一、用动词的适当形式填空。

16.I ___ (have) a terrible stomachache since morning, doctor. I ___ (feel) a sudden pain after I got up.

 

17. — I’ll quit my job as I’m notgetting along well with my boss.

— But remember you ___ (never, get) a perfect boss.

 

18. By the time we got a report, thefiremen ___ (put out ) the fire in the bar already.

 

19. I drove carefully all the way. I___ (stop) immediately when I saw a red light.

 

20. We’ll have to wait in line. Thefast food restaurant ___ (be) short-handed for weeks.

 

参考答案:

16.have had, felt 17.will never get18.had put out 19.stopped 20. has been

 

二、分析句子的语法结构,并译成中文。

1. I have had a terrible stomachache since morning, doctor. I felt a sudden pain after I got up.

2.Now officials are poised to enact a wide-ranging civil code that would end a policy that has been enforced through fines but was also notorious for cases of forced abortions and sterilisation in the world’s most populous country.【The Guardian】


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